Ubuntu 17.10 Artful Aerdvark Desktop
Installation & Update with Terminal
Recommended configuration : Intel Dual Core or better / 2GB Memory / 20GB Hard disk
To do the installation of Ubuntu you have to download first the *.iso file.
This download is possible in Ubuntu website. It's free and Open Source.
ISO File (Free - Open Source) : https://www.ubuntu.com/download
For USB Key creation check Rufus bootable USB Key
To create your hard disk partition before check Gparted Partition creation
Boot your computer with your CD/DVD or USB Key with Ubuntu. Choose your "Language".
I do the installation in English but he is possible to choose Khmer language if you prefer.
Be careful, with Khmer language some menu titles are not well understood.
It is also possible to install a second language after installation.
Click on "Install Ubuntu" or "Try Ubuntu without installing" if you want to test the Operating System.
Wait a few second.
Choose your "Language" for the installation and click on "Continue".
Here select "Install third-party software" to obtain plugins for graphic card, Wifi or mp3.
After click on "Continue".
Choose "Erase disk and install Ubuntu" if you don't have any other Operating System or data
inside your computer. After click "Install Now".
Choose "Something else" if you want to create a specific partition for Ubuntu.
Confirm the creation of the partition by clicking on "Continue".
Choose your "Location" to obtain your local date and time and click on "Continue".
Choose your "Keyboard" and click on "Continue".
Put a "Name / Computer Name" for this computer and a "Username / Password" for your account
and click on "Continue". He is important to choice a good password.
The minimum requirement is : 10 characters with 2 numbers and 2 special characters.
Wait around 20 minutes to 1 hour for the installation. This depends of your computer power.
The installation is finish. Click on "Restart Now" to reboot your computer.
Remove your USB Key or CD/DVD and click on "Enter".
The computer reboot. To see a different boot screen select "Alt + Tab" at the same time.
You are at the "Login menu". Type your "Password" and click on "Sign In".
In the "Top right Menu" click on the button and after "Setting" and "About".
Here you have your Operating System information : OS Version, Hardware configuration ...
In the "Top left Menu" click on "Activities" and search "Terminal" and click on "Enter".
You are in "Command Line" inside the "Terminal" with your normal user account.
To do a system update you have to switch to the administrator account (root).
Type "sudo - i" and your "root password". You are Administrator (root) of your "Terminal".
Type "apt-get update" and "Enter" to check the list of available updates.
The list of packages retrieving by the website address should start with "kh" if you chose your
location correctly during the Ubuntu installation.
Type "apt-get upgrade", "Enter" and "Y" to upgrade your Operating System.
Your computer is up to date.
An another way to do this update faster is to write in one line the two commands
with the confirmation. "apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y"
To see all options about "apt-get" type "apt-get --help". Many commands are possible.
Here a list of another commands. Two others important commands are :
"apt-get dist-upgrade" update your Operation System version.
"apt-get autoremove" remove all products no longer useful.
"apt-get clean" and "apt-get purge" clean the update cache.
To install a specific software type "apt-get install nano".
"Nano" is an example of a product already installed. It's a text editor.
Your Ubuntu 17.10 Desktop is installed and up to date.